The Kashmir Red deer or Hangul (Cervus hanglu) now identified as a separate species is categorised as critically endangered by IUCN.Today, the only viable population of Hangul is restricted to Dachigam NP and adjoining protected areas. Hangul is placed under schedule-I in the Jammu and Kashmir State Wildlife Protection Act, 1978 and in the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
Leopard is the most widely distributed of all the wild cats in the world. The geographic distribution of leopard extends throughout Africa, central Asia, south-east Asia and north Amur valley in Russia. Leopard is found throughout the Indian sub-continent with the exception of deserts and the sundarban mangroves. Leopard is the top most carnivores that aids in regulating prey populations and maintaining the ecological balance.
Musk Deer is a primitive deer-like ruminant belonging to the family Moschidae and inhabits the forested and alpine scrub habitats of mountains in Asia.Kashmir musk deer is endemic to Kashmir region of Jammu and Kashmir State and is Endangered. They measure about 50 cm at the shoulder, and weigh about 13–15 kg.
Out of the total eight species of bears in the world four species of bears are found in India, the Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus), Himalayan brown bear (Ursus aractus), and the Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus). Asiatic black bear also known as the moon bear and the white-chested bear, is a medium-sized bear species native to Asia. The status of black bear in the state of Jammu and Kashmir has been reported as ‘fairly common’.